The five entry line refusals in January all came from one FDA division and were related to shipments from two companies:
- Sea Fresh (Bangladesh), a company that is not currently listed on Import Alert 16-124, Import Alert 16-127, or Import Alert 16-129, had four entry lines refused for shrimp contaminated with nitrofurans by the Division of West Coast Imports on January 22, 2018; and
- Zhangzhou TaiWang Food Co., Ltd. (China), a company that has not been exempted from Import Alert 16-131, had one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues by the Division of West Coast Imports on January 24, 2018
Also in January, the FDA reported refusing fourteen (14) shrimp entry lines because of salmonella, with all but one of these shipments originating in India. Three separate Indian exporters – Falcon Marine Exports Pvt. Ltd. (1 entry line); Sandhya Aqua Exports Pvt. Ltd. (1 entry line); and Jagadeesh Marine Exports (11 entry lines) – were identified as the manufacturers of the refused shrimp. Two of the three – Falcon Marine Exports Pvt. Ltd. (Dec. 20, 2017) and Sandhya Aqua Exports Pvt. Ltd. (Dec. 13, 2017) – were recently added to Import Alert 16-81 (“Detention Without Physical Examination of Seafood Products Due to the Presence of Salmonella”). The manufacturer of the only non-Indian shrimp entry line refused for salmonella, PT Bumi Menara Internusa of Indonesia, was added to Import Alert 16-81 on December 14, 2017.
The combination of the continued use of antibiotics in shrimp aquaculture and the presence of food-borne pathogens in shrimp products imported into this country again spotlights concerns regarding the development and spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. While foreign shrimp producers and shrimp importers have downplayed the threat posed by antibiotics in shrimp aquaculture, these companies have declined to provide any justification for the industry’s failure to eradicate the use of antibiotics in countries like India and Vietnam.